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Table 3 Difference between the three types of commuting – leaving (L) the nestbox, returning (R) to it and within (W) the habitat – in the distance covered, deviance from the straightest path and flight speed. Results from linear-mixed models including 12,503 tracks from 134 barn owls (owl identity set as random factor). The distance covered and the deviance from the straightest path were log-transformed

From: Behaviour-specific habitat selection patterns of breeding barn owls

Parameter Estimate ± SE df t-value p
Distance covered
 L - W −0.104 ± 0.017 12,470 −6.20 <  0.001
 L - R −0.381 ± 0.022 12,412 17.30 <  0.001
 W - R −0.485 ± 0.0174 12,461 27.93 <  0.001
Deviance from the straightest path
 L - W −0.199 ± 0.039 12,490 −5.02 <  0.001
 L - R −0.114 ± 0.052 12,439 −2.18 0.078
 W - R −0.086 ± 0.041 12,484 2.09 0.101
Speed
 L - W −0.224 ± 0.028 12,468 −7.83 <  0.001
 L - R −0.510 ± 0.037 12,411 13.62 <  0.001
 W - R −0.733 ± 0.029 12,454 24.83 <  0.001