Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of Arctic-breeding shorebirds included in our analysis of geolocator effects

From: Effects of geolocators on hatching success, return rates, breeding movements, and change in body mass in 16 species of Arctic-breeding shorebirds

Species code Common name Scientific name # sites # captures Mean body mass (g) Mean migration (° latitude) Geolocator Max % body mass of markers + geo
Control Geo-locator Attachment typea Total mass (g)b % mean body mass
SESA Semipalmated sandpiper Calidris pusilla 7 949 224 26 65c PEF, PAB 0.8–1.0 3.3–3.9 5.8
WESA Western sandpiper C. mauri 1 276 21 27 49c PAB 1.0 3.7 5.2
RNPHd Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 1 21 7 38 66 LLH 1.0 2.6 NA
DUNLsch schinzii dunlin C. alpina schinzii 1 64 30 46 45d PAB 0.8 1.8 2.5
SANDrub Sanderling C. alba rubida 1 55 44 53 111e PEF 0.8 1.5  
DUNLhud hudsonia dunlin C. alpina hudsonia 1 133 35 57 20e PEF 1.1 1.9 2.9
DUNLpac pacifica dunlin C. alpina pacifica 3 57 124 57 27 PEF 1.1 1.9 2.9
DUNLarc arcticola dunlin C. alpina arcticola 3 255 104 58 30e PEF 1.1 1.9 3.3
SANDalb Sanderling C. alba alba 3 434 30 59 60 PEF 0.8 1.4 2.3
GSAP Greater sand plover C. leschenaultii 1 289 59 87f 58e PEF 0.9 1.0 1.8
GTTA Gray-tailed tattler Tringa brevipes 1 160 19 104 88 PAF 1.3 1.3 2.0
RUTUint interpres ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres interpres 1 112 77 105 113e PEF 0.9 0.9  
RUTUmor morinella ruddy turnstone A. i. morinella 3 62 46 109 70e PEF 0.9 0.8 1.6
BLTU Black turnstone A. melanocephala 1 51 30 123 9 LLH 2.0 1.6 2.3
REKNrog rogersi red knot C. canutus rogersi 1 11 26 125 108 PAB 1.4 1.1 1.8
REKNrufg rufa red knot C. c. rufa 2 711 87 132 100 PAB 1.4–1.7 1.1–1.3 1.6
AMGP American golden-plover Pluvialis dominica 5 55 129 146 94c PEF 0.9–1.3 0.6–0.9 1.6
GRSNh Great snipe Gallinago media 1 34 45 160 64 PAB 1.3 0.8 NA
GRKN Great knot C. tenuirostris 1 126 64 195 81e PEF 0.8 0.4 0.8
BTGO Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica 1 16 58 342 105 PAB 1.8 0.5 1.6
WHIMhud hudsonicus whimbrel Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus 1 31 25 378 54e PAF 1.0 0.3  
WHIMisl islandicus whimbrel N. phaeopus islandicus 1 56 23 438 58e PAF 1.0 0.2  
FECU Far eastern curlew N. madagascariensis 1 7 23 1091 90e PEF 1.0 0.1 0.3
  1. Species codes follow alpha codes used by the American Ornithologists’ Union. Species and subspecies are sorted by mean body mass. Data are from the authors unless a reference is indicated.NA not available
  2. a PAB parallel-band, PEF perpendicular-flag, PAF parallel-flag, LLH leg-loop harness (Fig. 2)
  3. bIncludes attachment materials. Where a range of values is given, multiple models or attachments were used across sites or years
  4. cFrom Thomas et al. [76]
  5. dFrom Smith et al. [37]; total mass of geolocator package is estimated based on our data
  6. eEstimated from range maps in Hayman et al. [77] following the methods of Thomas et al. [76]
  7. fPublished body-mass estimates [78, 79]
  8. gFrom Niles et al. [36] and Burger et al. [33]
  9. hFrom Klaassen et al. [43] and Lindström et al. [35]