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Table 4 Habitat characteristics of wintering locations for black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) in the Bering Sea during October (2008, 2009, 2010)

From: Wintering North Pacific black-legged kittiwakes balance spatial flexibility and consistency

  2008 2009 2010
Residency Time (d) 2.3 ± 1.0 2.9 ± 1.1 2.3 ± 1.3
SST (°C) 6.2 ± 0.8 5.8 ± 0.9 7.1 ± 1.4
Distance to Seamount (km) 474 ± 241 284 ± 144 438 ± 329
SSH (cm) −7.9 ± 2.45 −7.3 ± 2.56 −9.6 ± 3.54
EKE (cm2 s−2) 66.8 ± 34.7 42.5 ± 27.1 48.3 ± 23.1
Distance to Eddy (km) 154 ± 62 139 ± 76 206 ± 121
Chl a (mg m−3) 1.61 ± 1.30 1.88 ± 2.63 3.0 ± 4.44
Wind speed (m s−1) 8.72 ± 1.33 8.71 ± 1.02 7.79 ± 0.99
  1. Means ± SD are calculated from individual bird means