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Table 2 Effects on wild dog Brownian motion variance of variables related to the local risk of lion encounter, prey density and anthropogenic effects

From: African wild dog movements show contrasting responses to long and short term risk of encountering lions: analysis using dynamic Brownian bridge movement models

Variable Estimate SE Z-score P value
(Intercept) 9.528 0.177 54.154  < 0.001
Lion utilization value (log scale) − 0.115 0.013 − 9.166  < 0.001
Distance to tributary − 0.002 0.012 − 0.355 0.889
Distance to Kafue river 0.087 0.025 3.493  < 0.001
Distance to national park boundary − 0.045 0.019 − 2.375 0.013
Distance to road 0.036 0.019 1.874 0.061
Designation: national park − 0.094 0.093 − 1.004 0.316
Designation: no protection − 0.089 0.200 − 0.446 0.656
Season: wet − 0.411 0.025 − 16.358  < 0.001
Vegetation: grassland − 0.005 0.032 0.163 0.871
Vegetation: open canopy − 0.058 0.030 − 1.918 0.055
Reproductive status: pups − 0.215 0.030 − 7.144  < 0.001
Breeding status: non-breeding 0.864 0.045 19.253  < 0.001
Lion proximity: close 0.251 0.087 − 2.872 0.004
  1. Coefficient estimates with associated standard errors (SE), Z-scores, and P values, for data aggregated over periods of 6 months. Bold lettering denotes P < 0.01