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Table 1 Effects on wild dog Brownian motion variance of variables related to the local risk of lion encounter, prey density and anthropogenic effects

From: African wild dog movements show contrasting responses to long and short term risk of encountering lions: analysis using dynamic Brownian bridge movement models

Variable Estimate (b) SE Z-score P value
(Intercept) 9.471 0.139 67.987  < 0.001
Lion utilization value (log scale) − 0.103 0.019 − 5.352  < 0.001
Distance to tributary 0.028 0.012 2.396 0.017
Distance to Kafue river 0.023 0.024 0.975 0.330
Distance to national park boundary − 0.013 0.018 − 0.732 0.464
Distance to road − 0.024 0.023 − 1.059 0.290
Designation: national park − 0.119 0.061 − 1.971 0.049
Designation: no protection 0.431 0.148 2.923 0.005
Season: wet − 0.309 0.025 − 12.426  < 0.001
Vegetation: grassland − 0.0001 0.030 0.004 0.996
Vegetation: open canopy − 0.030 0.028 − 1.049 0.294
Reproductive status: pups present − 0.355 0.027 − 12.977  < 0.001
Breeding status: non-breeding 1.027 0.042 24.584  < 0.001
Lion proximity: close 0.261 0.080 − 3.268 0.001
  1. Coefficient estimates with associated standard errors (SE), Z-scores, and P values, for data aggregated over periods of one year. Bold lettering denotes P < 0.01