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Table 3 Average migration speed over land and water (km/h) during the day and night as well as highest migration speed over land and water during the day and night (km/h). C: over Caribbean Sea, G: over Gulf of Mexico

From: The use of nocturnal flights for barrier crossing in a diurnally migrating songbird

ID Breeding ground Migration speed land/day (mean ± SE) Migration speed land/night (mean ± SE) Migration speed water/day (mean ± SE) Migration speed water/night (mean ± SE) Highest migration speed land/day Highest migration speed land/night Highest migration speed water/day Highest migration speed water/night
1598 Florida 22 ± 5 4 ± 4 50 ± 0 30 ± 1 37 32 49 C 28 C
1602 Florida 13 ± 2 4 ± 1 38 ± 12 36. ± 1 45 21 53 G 50 C
2810 Texas 21 ± 2 4 ± 1 53 ± 0 35 ± 6 31 14 53 C 43 C
48041 Texas 14 ± 2 1 ± 0 30 ± 12 2 ± 5 53 9 46 C 32 G
48042 Texas 17 ± 3 6 ± 2 53 ± 0 20 ± 0 42 26 53 G 19 G
48045 Texas 23 ± 4 3 ± 1 56 ± 9 23 ± 5 57 11 69 C 30 C
48046 Texas 17 ± 3 2 ± 0 36 ± 9 31 ± 4 42 7 57 G 41 C
48051 Texas 17 ± 25 3 ± 1 41 ± 0 0 34 18 41 C 0
48052 Texas 20 ± 5 4 ± 1 56 ± 13 37 ± 1 57 28 80 C 38 G
48794 Texas 16 ± 4 2 ± 4 13 ± 0 35 ± 0 57 6 29 G 19 G
2177 Manitoba 17 ± 3 4 ± 1 66 ± 1 31 ± 5 43 17 67 C 39 C