Skip to main content

Table 1 Ethogram. Descriptions of the recorded, mutually exclusive activity types

From: Inferring an animal’s environment through biologging: quantifying the environmental influence on animal movement

Activity Description
Grazing Foraging behaviour by chewing grass from the pasture whilst standing still or slowly moving with the head down
Walking Taking at least two steps without grazing, either with the head up or down
Standing without ruminating Standing on all four legs with head erect, without swinging its head from side to side and without ruminating
Lying down without ruminating All four legs tucked underneath the torso or lying down on one side of its body without ruminating
Ruminating while standing Masticating regurgitated feed, swallowing masticated feed or regurgitating feed while standing with head erect
Ruminating while lying down Masticating regurgitated feed, swallowing masticated feed or regurgitating feed while lying down