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Table 1 Examples of movement behaviors which have been shown to feature intra-population individual variation and temporal scales needed in order to quantify the behavior for analysis of between-individual repeatability. We roughly consider temporal resolutions of less than 1 fix per day to be “low”, one to three daily fixes to be medium, and bi-hourly or hourly fixes to be “high”. “Low” temporal resolution of movement data may also be achieved with visual resightings or DNA recaptures of individuals instead of biologging devices

From: A guide for studying among-individual behavioral variation from movement data in the wild

Duration of monitoring Temporal resolution Example behavior References
Long term
(multi-annual, lifelong)
low • breeding or stopover site selection and fidelity [126]
  • migration probability, distance, and site fidelity [50]
medium - high • movement and habitat selection in relation to age, memory, learning, behavioral innovation [127,128,129]
Medium term
(annual, seasonal)
low • natal dispersal probability and distance [130, 131]
medium • foraging site fidelity [38]
high • resource selection [44, 85, 86]
Short term (weeks, days) low • home range size [52]
medium • daily net squared displacement [132]
high • area restricted search behavior [54, 58, 62]
   • diel activity [27]