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Table 1 Mean ± SEM rate of oxygen consumption (\( \dot{V} \)O2) and mean daily energy expenditure (DEE) of pumas in the Santa Cruz Mountains, calculated for daily behaviours. GPS-derived and accelerometery-derived speeds are compared. See Supplementary Table 4 for equations used to calculate energy costs. ‘*’ indicates that the values are the same for GPS- and accelerometery-derived \( \dot{V} \)O2 since these parameters are not based on speed

From: Surviving in steep terrain: a lab-to-field assessment of locomotor costs for wild mountain lions (Puma concolor)

Behaviour GPS – derived speed Accelerometery - derived speed
\( \dot{\boldsymbol{V}} \)O2 (mlO2kg−1 min− 1) \( \dot{\boldsymbol{V}} \)O2 (mlO2kg− 1 day− 1) Energy (MJ day− 1) \( \dot{\boldsymbol{V}} \)O2 (mlO2kg− 1 min− 1) \( \dot{\boldsymbol{V}} \)O2 (mlO2kg− 1 day− 1) Energy (MJ day− 1)
Decline Locomotion 14.08 ± 0.06 1007 ± 60.0 1.18 ± 0.07 25.04 ± 0.06 1802 ± 106.1 2.11 ± 0.12
Incline Locomotion 17.90 ± 0.08 1197 ± 84.9 1.40 ± 0.10 39.08 ± 0.28 2645 ± 190.6 3.09 ± 0.22
Non-mobile Activity *15.23 ± 0.05 *6190 ± 128.0 *7.24 ± 0.15 *15.23 ± 0.05 *6190 ± 128.0 *7.24 ± 0.15
Resting *8.22 *7101 ± 103.8 *8.30 ± 0.12 *8.22 *7101 ± 103.8 *8.30 ± 0.12
Unknown *8.22 *310 ± 25.0 *0.36 ± 0.03 *8.22 *310 ± 25.0 *0.36 ± 0.03
Total DEE 15,640 ± 126.8 18.29 ± 0.15 17,661 ± 242.0 20.65 ± 0.28
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