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Fig. 3 | Movement Ecology

Fig. 3

From: Towards the restoration of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor for large mammals in Panama: comparing multi-species occupancy to movement models

Fig. 3

Multi-species connectivity scenarios developed to connect core areas for large mammals in Panama. Corridors were developed in the Western part of Panama between the Amistad International Park and the Santa Fé NP-Donoso block (left maps), and in Central Panama (right maps), for two distinct groups of species that were considered tolerant (represented by ocelot and puma) or sensitive to habitat disturbance (represented by white-lipped peccary). These connectivity models were derived from resistance surfaces estimated through step selection functions using all the relocation data (green), step selection functions using relocation data during travel movement (blue), and occupancy modeled at the community level for nine mammal species (red), and using the negative exponential transformation curve (c8). Urban areas are black, and main roads are the black and white lines. See Additional file 11 for maps comparing corridors modeled with varying transformation curves, data type and species

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