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Table 1 Research effort made on each studied category considering the number of species and individuals tagged, research approaches used, mechanistic components studied and number of studies

From: A three-decade review of telemetry studies on vultures and condors

Category Species (# individuals) Dominant approach (phenomenological/mechanistic) Mechanistic components Number of studies
Flight Gyps fulvus (69) Gyps himalyensis (40) Gymnogyps californianus (39) Cathartes aura (> 19) Coragyps atratus (> 11) Vultur gryphus (10) N/A N/A 12
Natal dispersal phase Gypaetus barbatus (>  50) Aegypius monachus (30) Phenomenological N/A 8
Commuting phase Gyps fulvus (> 76) Vultur gryphus (23) Mechanistic Motion capacity Navigation capacity External factors 3
Foraging phase Gyps fulvus (> 103) Gyps coprotheres (43) Gyps africanus (> 32) Gypaetus barbatus (29) Aegypius monachus (24) Torgos tracheliotus (> 20) Gyps rueppelli (12) Gyps bengalensis (6) Neophron percnopterus (< 6) Gymnogyps califonianus (83) Coragyps atratus (33) Cathartes aura (28) Vultur gryphus (23) Phenomenological and mechanistic Internal state Motion capacity Navigation capacity External factors 25
Migration phase Neophron pernocterus(> 32) Aegypius monachus (19) Gyps himalyensis (18) Gyps fulvus (5) Cathartes aura (> 34) Phenomenological and mechanistic Internal state Motion capacity External factors 19
Home range Gyps fulvus (58) Gyps coprotheres (43) Aegypius monachus (39) Gypaetus barbatus (29) Gyps himalyensis (18) Neophron percnopterus (7) Gyps bengalensis (6) Torgos tracheliotus (2) Gymnogyps californianus (83) Cathartes aura (> 50) Coragyps atratus (> 35) Vultur gryphus (23) N/A N/A 33
Management and conservation Gyps fulvus (> 79) Aegypius monachus (> 44) Gypaetus barbatus (> 41) Gyps coprotheres (30) Neophron percnopterus (27) Gyps africanus(6) Gyps bengalensis (6) Gyps himalyensis (18) Gymnogyps californianus (> 122) Vultur gryphus (44) Coragyps atratus (> 39) Cathartes aura (>  16) N/A N/A 24
Methodological development Gyps fulvus (> 58) Gyps rueppellii (6) Torgos tracheliotos (5) Gyps africanus (5) Gyps himalayensis (1) Gymnogyps californianus (> 51) Coragyps atratus (19) < Cathartes aura (20) Vultur gryphus (6) N/A N/A 13
  1. Values preceded by the symbol ‘>’ represent minimum estimations. N/A means ‘not applicable’. See complete list of references in Additional file 1: Table S1