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Table 5 Bayesian parameter estimation, testing for paired seasonal differences (dry season minus wet season) in space use, group size and habitat metrics within banded mongoose groups in northeastern Botswana (2008 – 2011)

From: Association with humans and seasonality interact to reverse predictions for animal space use

Response variable Pred. a nb β c 95% HPDId % Posteriore Resultf Interp.g
     LB UB < 0 > 0   
Groups living in association with humans  
Day range (km) D > W 6 -0.6 -1.6 0.4 91 9 D < W MC
Seasonal home range (ha) D > W 7 -18.4 -37.0 -0.3 98 2 D < W HC
Seasonal core range (ha) D > W 7 -4.9 -9.4 -0.5 98 2 D < W HC
APIh D > W 7 -0.014 -0.033 0.005 94 6 D < W MC
Building density (ha −1)   7 0.49 0.04 0.92 2 98 D > W HC
Macrofauna density (m −2) D < W 7 -301 -640 8 97 3 D < W HC
Tourist bed nightsi    0.23 0.04 0.43 1.2 98.8 D > W HC
Fecal organic matter (%) D = W 7 -1 -11 9 60 40 D < W U
Group size D < W 9 7.3 0.9 13.6 1 99 D > W HC
Groups living without association with humans  
Seasonal home range (ha) D > W 1 30      D > W U
Seasonal core range (ha) D > W 1 7      D > W U
APIh D > W 1 0.016      D > W U
Macrofauna density (m −2) D < W 1 -432      D < W U
Fecal organic matter (%) D = W 1 -2      D < W U
Group size D < W 1 8      D > W U
  1. aPrediction of relationship based on theory: dry season (D), wet season (W)
  2. bNumber of paired seasonal estimates (i.e. mongoose groups) used
  3. cEffect size
  4. dHighest posterior density interval (HPDI) with lower bound (LB) and upper bound (UB)
  5. ePercentage of posterior distribution below or above zero
  6. fResult: dry season (D), wet season (W)
  7. gRevised interpretation of the result (posterior): moderate certainty (MC), high certainty (HC), uncertainty (U)
  8. hDispersion of space use — area-probability integral (API)
  9. iDry season minus wet season bed nights sold, expressed as relative (X-fold) change, for 10 tourist lodges