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Table 1 Expectation for the four migratory behaviours when migrants adopt a time- versus energy-minimization strategy

From: Time versus energy minimization migration strategy varies with body size and season in long-distance migratory shorebirds

  Time-minimization Energy-minimization
(i) Migration speed high low
(ii) Number of staging sites few many
(iii) Total migration distance long or similar short or similar
(iv) Maximum step length long short