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Table 2 Summary of track length estimations according to GPS telemetry and dead-reckoning for data presented in Table 1. The tortuosity was calculated as average change in heading between measurements (at 40 Hz)

From: Step by step: reconstruction of terrestrial animal movement paths by dead-reckoning

Subject GPS Length (km) Dead Reckoning Length (km) Difference (km) Tortuosity (°)
Dog 1 5.507 6.410 0.902 6.38
Dog 2 2.075 2.492 0.418 6.16
Dog 3 3.040 4.296 1.256 11.52
Horse 10.127 10.360 0.233 4.38