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Table 1 Characteristics of the six study areas

From: Patterns of livestock activity on heterogeneous subalpine pastures reveal distinct responses to spatial autocorrelation, environment and management

Area A B C D E F
Region Obwalden Obwalden Obwalden Lower Engadine Lower Engadine Lower Engadine
Longitude (°) 8.241 8.31 8.097 10.182 10.157 10.223
Latitude (°) 46.813 46.832 46.813 46.794 46.79 46.805
Elevation (m asl) 1862 ± 127 1440 ± 142 1585 ± 73 2206 ± 109 2163 ± 160 2101 ± 184
Slope (%) 53 ± 20 40 ± 15 38 ± 10 42 ± 11 41 ± 12 36 ± 13
Mean annual temperature (°C) 2.7 4.8 3.9 0.2 0.3 1.4
Mean annual precipitation (mm) 1949 1822 1801 1206 1206 1285
Size (ha) 56 40 25 91 135 158
Herd size (LU) 30 45 42 55 50 120
Simultaneously tracked animals 3 2 2 3 3 4
Number of records 245752 122746 157962 438677 485620 483175
Grazing period (d) 69 90 90 43 72 78
Number of paddocks 5 7 27 4 7 10
Average stocking period/paddock (d) 13.8 12.9 3.3 10.8 10.3 7.8
Stocking rate (LU ha−1 yr−1) 0.10 ± 0.06 0.16 ± 0.16 0.25 ± 0.23 0.04 ± 0.05 0.05 ± 0.06 0.09 ± 0.06
  1. Values for elevation, slope and stocking rate are medians ± standard deviation. Mean annual precipitation was derived from grid data of MeteoSwiss, Zurich. Mean annual temperature was taken from Hiebl et al. [48]