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Table 1 Median, 25th and 75th percentile ambient noise levels (NL) measured as RMS pressure over ΔT = 600 s and over one-third octave bands 20–25 (89.1–355 Hz) for locations at Stellwagen Bank (site 4; SBNMS), New York (site 5; NY) and Jacksonville 2 (site 8, JAX) (see Figure 2 for overview map), across four seasons; and estimated maximum communication ranges based on a BELLHOP propagation model and the ambient noise levels above

From: Seasonal migrations of North Atlantic minke whales: novel insights from large-scale passive acoustic monitoring networks

  Location (site) Winter Spring Summer Autumn
NL (RMS) SBNMS (4) 105.08 (103.08, 107.31) 102.96 (100.50, 104.81) 99.74 (97.80, 103.42) 99.38 (97.01, 101.53)
(dB re 1 μPa [89.1–355 Hz]) NY (5) 104.10 (102.99, 106.08) 103.19 (100.55, 105.52) 96.07 (94.13, 98.83) 100.10 (98.30, 102.04)
  JAX (8) 93.12 (90.00, 95.28) 93.09 (90.58, 99.89)
Range (km) SBNMS (4) 7.62 (5.26, 11.25) 9.74 (7.01, 12.56) 10.81 (7.68, 14.58) 11.40 (9.02, 14.12)
  NY (5) 9.45 (6.69, 13.61) 12.49 (7.30, 20.55) 17.18 (12.86, 20.95) 12.95 (10.43, 16.42)
  JAX (8) 20.40 (15.55, 25.55) -- -- 29.47 (11.18, 40.16)